The initiative to organize architectural and urban planning workshops which would examine the periphery of Cetinje, more precisely the zone of Bajice, stemmed from a desire to protect, valorize and encourage the sustainable development of this rural community.
This project was implemented in cooperation with the faculties of architecture from several countries, the Secretariat for Urban Planning and Sustainable Development of the Old Royal Capital of Cetinje, NGO Expeditio from Kotor, and with a significant support of the local population. The workshops enabled the exchange with neighboring countries that have similar contexts.
The workshops are designed as a combination of two approaches: pedagogical and vocational. Students work with experienced architects who define the goals and planning tools. A series of lectures and public debates made possible to compare various proposals with the administrative, social and technical matters. In order to facilitate their movement, participants used bicycles for transportation. Finally, the “no stress work” approach has been adopted as an alternative to tense work, which in the creative phase of the work can be counterproductive. Contact with nature, pleasant climate, organic food, contact with the locals, rational use of time all proved to be very encouraging as a method of work.
The first workshop was held in Bajice from 2 to 11 October 2012. It was led by the architect Boris Cindric. The workshop gathered students and professors from the faculties of architecture in Paris, Belgrade, Sarajevo, Tirana and Podgorica. A guest at the workshop was a famous singer Rambo Amadeus, a great promoter of ecology in the region.
The aim was to define the program, as well as to give proposals in the areas of urban planning, agriculture and tourism, in order to ensure sustainable development of this place, from both economic and environmental point of view.
Several teams, who spread over different areas of the site, conducted a multilevel analysis of the site and the elaboration of urban scenarios. In the morning on the field and in the afternoon in the workshop. The end of the day was reserved for presentations (observations and conclusions) and conference on agriculture, ecology, economics, environmental structures, construction laws in Montenegro and other relevant topics. The people, representatives of the City Council, members of associations and professionals were invited to participate in presentations and conferences.
At the end of the workshop, the results of the work were presented to the public and representatives of the Municipality.
The second workshop was held from 10 to 22 July 2013. It was led by Boris Cindric, Gilles Sabarros and Olivier Arditi. According to the program of this workshop, the goal was to further elaborate all the works initiated on the first workshop, to elaborate the first concrete projects and to identify potential participants in the development. On this occasion, the workshop participants were joined by colleagues from the United States. This new session was marked by a presentation given by Liz Walker, director of the Ecovillage at Ithaca (USA) and the round table dedicated to local autonomy.
In the very beginning of the workshop there were three groups established and they focused on the following three basic topics-locations:
1) development strategy – master plan;
2) oases – rural and touristic residential groups;
3) gardens – communal gardens, family gardens.
The work in three groups, covering three different topics proved to be very efficient. As a result, each group presented five A1 posters, and presentations involved several elements, from the wider territorial coverage, to local urban planning aspect and the architectural one.
The discussion that followed the presentation has enabled the identification and prioritization of different partners, depending on the nature of their involvement in the project.